Verbal Ability – Summary – As Soviet power declined, the world became


Slot – 1 – VA


Q. The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

As Soviet power declined, the world became to some extent multipolar, and Europe strove to define an independent identity. What a journey Europe has undertaken to reach this point. It had in every century changed its internal structure and invented new ways of thinking about the nature of international order. Now at the culmination of an era, Europe, in order to participate in it, felt obliged to set aside the political mechanisms through which it had conducted its affairs for three and a half centuries. Impelled also by the desire to cushion the emergent unification of Germany, the new European Union established a common currency in 2002 and a formal political structure in 2004. It proclaimed a Europe united, whole, and free, adjusting its differences by peaceful mechanisms.

  1. Europe has consistently changed in keeping with the changing world order and that has culminated in a united Europe.
  2. Europe has chosen to lower political and economic heterogeneity, in order to adapt itself to an emerging multi-polar world.
  3. The establishment of a formal political structure in Europe was hastened by the unification of Germany and the emergence of a multipolar world.
  4. Europe has consistently changed its internal structure to successfully adapt to the changing world order.
Answer: 2
Solution:
Option 1 misses out on the important point of Europe becoming united in response to an emerging multipolar world. It can therefore be eliminated.
Option 3 distorts the meaning of the passage. The establishment of a formal political structure in Europe was not hastened by the unification of Germany and the emergence of a multipolar world, but was in response to these two major events.
Option 4 is too generic. It does not mention Europe’s current response to a multipolar world.
Option 3 is the correct summary as it mentions Europe’s response to an emerging multipolar world – it chose to lower political and economic heterogeneity – create a unified Europe.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.


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