Friday, March 30th, 2018
As the name states, writing styles is the way a writer chooses to express himself/herself through a piece of writing. But what exactly would be a writing styles for RC? Well, just like each one of us has a unique dressing style, so does CAT RCs differ in the way they are written. And just like you dress differently for different occasions and places, so does a passage is written according to its purpose, audience and context. But the question is why it is important to identify the writing style of a passage?
Well, the author intends to convey some ideas and opinions through his/her writing style. You will know the kind of questions to expect and how to answer them correctly with a specific approach to each passage written in a particular style. Knowing about different writing styles is critical to developing a better understanding of RC passages. This will definitely save time and help you score high in the most essential part of CAT Verbal Ability section. But, how do you think the various writing styles differ from each other? It does depend on some factors like structure, choice of words, expression and complexity of language. Generally, RC passages present information in the following six writing forms:
Now, let’s see how can you identify each writing style and devise your RC strategy accordingly.
To start with, Narrative style of writing is one of the easiest to identify since these passages are written in form of a story. The author intends to narrate some events or personal experiences through such passages. In other words, these passages would appear most interesting to read if you are a bibliophile! Novels, anecdotes, autobiographies, histories, etc. are mostly written in a narrative style. As you would know, some of the most popular movies are based on best selling narrative books. So, you can start with reading the plot summaries of your favourite movies to get a glimpse of the narrative style of writing. After all, any narrative passage requires you to imagine the scenes and setting and understand the characters to connect with the plot. All you would need to do is:
Next type is the descriptive style of writing. As you would guess, descriptive passages intend to describe a place, person, thing or event in a great detail. Such passages generally include a lot of adjectives, adverbs and metaphors so as to paint a picture of that particular thing in the reader’s mind. Suppose you visit a popular tourist place, how will explain the beauty of it? Here, you would need to adopt a descriptive style. Most of the tourist guides, journals, magazines and poetry are written in a descriptive way. While tackling descriptive RC passages, just keep a few things in mind:
Another type is factual form of writing. The purpose of factual style of writing is to impart information to the reader in a logical and objective manner along with some facts and figures. Probably, such passages won’t really interest you if you are not in the habit of reading newspapers. News stories, instruction manuals, research papers and reports present information in a factual form. Well, if you are fond of cooking, then you would know that even recipe books are written in a factual way. A great idea to master such passages is to start reading news reports, which will eventually help you in later stages also. While reading factual passages:
A common type of writing is an argumentative/persuasive style of writing. The author writes in an argumentative way so as to convince the reader of some particular beliefs and opinions regarding a subject. In other words, such passages cite instances, justifications and facts to support a stand taken on the given topic. You must have come across advertisements that tend to influence you to buy some products or services. Well, most of the advertisements, reviews and complaint letters are written in a persuasive form. A good way to understand such passages is to start with reading newspaper editorials that support a particular point of view regarding the latest policies or events. You can ace such RC passages by:
A variant of the above stated writing style is an analytical form of writing. Unlike the argumentative form, the analytical style of writing presents arguments and examples for examining the topic from all angles. The difference between the two is the way a group discussion varies from a debate. Suppose you are asked to tell the pros and cons of a particular product or decision, how do you present it? Here comes the role of analytical form of writing. You will be required to present justifications in favour of as well as against the subject. Even the movie reviews usually adopt an analytical style of writing. Some of the newspaper editorials, technical reports and magazine articles portray the given subject in an analytical way. E.g. any controversial court case is generally presented in an analytical form of writing in newspapers. A good strategy for such RC passages would be:
The last kind of writing is called abstract style. As the name says, the abstract style of writing is adopted in passages which deal with abstract topics like that of philosophy. An interesting example of this would be the fantasy books that we all have loved in our childhood days. Such passages do not state all the information explicitly. Abstract style of writing generally encompasses non-material concepts that may be represented in a symbolic way. Why not start with reading about some philosophical topics that interest you? An efficient way to deal with such passages would be:
Finally, you need to invest a good amount of time on reading from variety of sources like newspapers, magazines, journals, etc. Putting it another way, try to inculcate the habit of diverse reading so as to improve your comprehension skills and get well-versed with various writing styles.
In case you have just started with RCs, make notes of the important points while reading the passage. Begin with solving 2-3 RCs daily and identify the writing style for each. As you increase your practice, you will be able to make mental bookmarks of the main ideas given in the passage. Also, practicing RCs from previous year CAT papers and mock tests will enhance your accuracy and speed in exam.
All questions from CAT 2017 Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension – Forenoon slot – Set 1: Understanding where you are in the world is a basic survival skill, which is why we, like most species come hard-wired with specialized brain areas to create congnitive maps of our surroundings.
Reading Comprehension – Forenoon slot – Set 2: I used a smartphone GPS to find my way through the cobblestoned maze of Geneva’s Old Town, in search of a handmade machine that changed the world more than any other invention.
Reading Comprehension – Forenoon slot – Set 3: This year alone, more than 8,600 stores could close, according to industry estimates, many of them the brand -name anchor outlets that real estate developers once stumbled over themselves to court.
Reading Comprehension – Forenoon slot – Set 4: Scientists have long recognized the incredible diversity within a species.
Reading Comprehension – Forenoon slot – Set 5: Do sports mega events like the summer Olympic Games benefit the host city economically?
Reading Comprehension – Afternoon slot – Set 1: Creativity is at once our most precious resource and our most inexhaustible one.
Reading Comprehension – Afternoon slot – Set 2: During the frigid season…it’s often necessary to nestle under a blanket to try to stay warm.
Reading Comprehension – Afternoon slot – Set 3: The end of the age of the internal combustion engine is in sight. There are small signs everywhere: the shift to hybrid vehicles is already under way among manufacturers.
Reading Comprehension – Afternoon slot – Set 4: Typewriters are the epitome of a technology that has been comprehensively rendered obsolete by the digital age.
Reading Comprehension – Afternoon slot – Set 5: Despite their fierce reputation. Vikings may not have always been the plunderers and pillagers popular culture imagines them to be.
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