Verbal Ability – Summary – For years, movies and television series like Crime


Slot – 1 – VA


Q. The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

For years, movies and television series like Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) paint an unrealistic picture of the “science of voices.” In the 1994 movie Clear and Present Danger an expert listens to a brief recorded utterance and declares that the speaker is “Cuban, aged 35 to 45, educated in the […] eastern United States.” The recording is then fed to a supercomputer that matches the voice to that of a suspect, concluding that the probability of correct identification is 90%. This sequence sums up a good number of misimpressions about forensic phonetics, which have led to errors in reallife justice. Indeed, that movie scene exemplifies the so-called “CSI effect”—the phenomenon in which judges hold unrealistic expectations of the capabilities of forensic science.

  1. Voice recognition has started to feature prominently in crime-scene intelligence investigations because of movies and television series.
  2. Although voice recognition is often presented as evidence in legal cases, its scientific basis can be shaky.
  3. Voice recognition as used in many movies to identify criminals has been used to identify criminals in real life also.
  4. Movies and televisions have led to the belief that the use of forensic phonetics in legal investigations is robust and fool proof.
Answer: 4
Solution:
Option 1 distorts the meaning of the passage. The crux of the passage is that movies and television series’ have led to the belief (erroneous) that the use of forensic phonetics is fool proof. Option 1 does not present this argument and can thus be eliminated.
Option 2 does not mention the fact that voice recognition in legal cases as evidence have arisen due to movies and television series.’ Option 2, too, can be eliminated.
Option 3 contradicts the passage. The passage is clear that voice recognition phonetics have led to errors in real-life justice.
Option 4 is the correct summary as it mentions the most important point of the passage – movies and television gave the impression that forensic phonetics is fool proof. Thus, they began to be used as evidence in real life legal cases.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.


Online Coaching Course for CAT 2021 + Test Series

a) 1000+ Videos covering entire CAT syllabus
b) 2 Live Classes (online) every week for doubt clarification
c) Study Material & PDFs for practice and understanding
d) 10 Mock Tests in the latest pattern
e) Previous Year Questions solved on video