Logical Reasoning – In a certain board examination, students were to appear


In a certain board examination, students were to appear for examination in five subjects: English, Hindi, Mathematics, Science and Social Science. Due to a certain emergency situation, a few of the examinations could not be conducted for some students. Hence, some students missed one examination and some others missed two examinations. Nobody missed more than two examinations.The board adopted the following policy for awarding marks to students. If a student appeared in all five examinations, then the marks awarded in each of the examinations were on the basis of the scores obtained by them in those examinations.
If a student missed only one examination, then the marks awarded in that examination was the average of the best three among the four scores in the examinations they appeared for. If a student missed two examinations, then the marks awarded in each of these examinations was the average of the best two among the three scores in the examinations they appeared for.
The marks obtained by six students in the examination are given in the table below. Each of them missed either one or two examinations.
  English Hindi Mathematics Science Social Science
Alva 80 75 70 75 60
Bithi 90 80 55 85 85
Carl 75 80 90 100 90
Deep 70 90 100 90 80
Esha 80 85 95 60 55
Foni 83 72 78 88 83
The following facts are also known.
  1. Four of these students appeared in each of the English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science examinations.
  2. The student who missed the Mathematics examination did not miss any other examination. Ill. One of the students who missed the Hindi examination did not miss any other examination. The other student who missed the Hindi examination also missed the Science examination.
Q.1 Who among the following did not appear for the Mathematics examination?
  1. Carl
  2. Esha
  3. Foni
  4. Alva
Answer: 1
Q.2 Which students did not appear for the English examination?
  1. Cannot be determined
  2. Carl and Deep
  3. Esha and Foni
  4. Alva and Bithi
Answer: 3
Q.3 What BEST can be concluded about the students who did not appear for the Hindi examination?
  1. Two among Alva, Deep and Esha
  2. Deep and Esha
  3. Alva and Esha
  4. Alva and Deep
Answer: 4
Q.4 What BEST can be concluded about the students who missed the Science examination?
  1. Bithi and one out of Alva and Deep
  2. Deep and Bithi
  3. Alva and Deep
  4. Alva and Bithi
Answer: 1
Q.5 How many out of these six students missed exactly one examination?
Answer: 3
Q.6 For how many students can we be definite about which examinations they missed?
Answer: 4
Solutions:
Q.1 From the information given in point I, II and III , we can say 4 students appeared in each of English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science examinations. Or we can say there were exactly two students who missed each of four subjects English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science.
Now from the table given, it is clear that either Deep or Alva should have missed the Hindi and Science examination as they are the only students to have same marks in both subjects.
Also Alva , Bithi , Deep, Esha and Foni can’t miss mathematics, So only Carl missed Mathematics exam.
From Table we can say –
Foni’s marks we can say Foni was absent in English and Social Science.
Esha must have missed English Examination.
Baithi Should have missed Science and Social Science.
Now we can make the following table about the students who missed a particular subjects .
Student English Hindi  Mathematics Science Social Science
Alva 80 75 70 75 60
Baithi 90 80 55 Missed Missed
Carl 75 80 Missed 100 90
Deep 70 90 100 90 80
Esha Missed 85 95 60 55
Foni Missed 72 78 88 Missed

Now As there were two students who missed Hindi and science . Baithi has already missed Science so one among Deep and Alva must missed Science and both of them missed Hindi.
Clearly Carl missed Mathematics . option 1)

Q.2 From the information given in point I, II and III , we can say 4 students appeared in each of English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science examinations. Or we can say there were exactly two students who missed each of four subjects English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science.
Now from the table given, it is clear that either Deep or Alva should have missed the Hindi and Science examination as they are the only students to have same marks in both subjects.
Also Alva , Bithi , Deep, Esha and Foni can’t miss mathematics, So only Carl missed Mathematics exam.
From Table we can say –
Foni’s marks we can say Foni was absent in English and Social Science.
Esha must have missed English Examination.
Baithi Should have missed Science and Social Science.
Now we can make the following table about the students who missed a particular subjects .
Student English Hindi  Mathematics Science Social Science
Alva 80 75 70 75 60
Baithi 90 80 55 Missed Missed
Carl 75 80 Missed 100 90
Deep 70 90 100 90 80
Esha Missed 85 95 60 55
Foni Missed 72 78 88 Missed

Now As there were two students who missed Hindi and science . Baithi has already missed Science so one among Deep and Alva must missed Science and both of them missed Hindi.
So Esha and Foni missed English .

Q.3 From the information given in point I, II and III , we can say 4 students appeared in each of English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science examinations. Or we can say there were exactly two students who missed each of four subjects English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science.
Now from the table given, it is clear that either Deep or Alva should have missed the Hindi and Science examination as they are the only students to have same marks in both subjects.
Also Alva , Bithi , Deep, Esha and Foni can’t miss mathematics, So only Carl missed Mathematics exam.
From Table we can say –
Foni’s marks we can say Foni was absent in English and Social Science.
Esha must have missed English Examination.
Baithi Should have missed Science and Social Science.
Now we can make the following table about the students who missed a particular subjects .
Student English Hindi  Mathematics Science Social Science
Alva 80 75 70 75 60
Baithi 90 80 55 Missed Missed
Carl 75 80 Missed 100 90
Deep 70 90 100 90 80
Esha Missed 85 95 60 55
Foni Missed 72 78 88 Missed

Now As there were two students who missed Hindi and science . Baithi has already missed Science so one among Deep and Alva must missed Science and both of them missed Hindi.
Option 3) is correct .

Q.4 From the information given in point I, II and III , we can say 4 students appeared in each of English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science examinations. Or we can say there were exactly two students who missed each of four subjects English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science.
Now from the table given, it is clear that either Deep or Alva should have missed the Hindi and Science examination as they are the only students to have same marks in both subjects.
Also Alva , Bithi , Deep, Esha and Foni can’t miss mathematics, So only Carl missed Mathematics exam.
From Table we can say –
Foni’s marks we can say Foni was absent in English and Social Science.
Esha must have missed English Examination.
Baithi Should have missed Science and Social Science.
Now we can make the following table about the students who missed a particular subjects .
Student English Hindi  Mathematics Science Social Science
Alva 80 75 70 75 60
Baithi 90 80 55 Missed Missed
Carl 75 80 Missed 100 90
Deep 70 90 100 90 80
Esha Missed 85 95 60 55
Foni Missed 72 78 88 Missed

Now As there were two students who missed Hindi and science . Baithi has already missed Science so one among Deep and Alva must missed Science and both of them missed Hindi.
Correct option 4).

Q.5 From the information given in point I, II and III , we can say 4 students appeared in each of English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science examinations. Or we can say there were exactly two students who missed each of four subjects English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science.
Now from the table given, it is clear that either Deep or Alva should have missed the Hindi and Science examination as they are the only students to have same marks in both subjects.
Also Alva , Bithi , Deep, Esha and Foni can’t miss mathematics, So only Carl missed Mathematics exam.
From Table we can say –
Foni’s marks we can say Foni was absent in English and Social Science.
Esha must have missed English Examination.
Baithi Should have missed Science and Social Science.
Now we can make the following table about the students who missed a particular subjects .
Student English Hindi  Mathematics Science Social Science
Alva 80 75 70 75 60
Baithi 90 80 55 Missed Missed
Carl 75 80 Missed 100 90
Deep 70 90 100 90 80
Esha Missed 85 95 60 55
Foni Missed 72 78 88 Missed

Now As there were two students who missed Hindi and science . Baithi has already missed Science so one among Deep and Alva must missed Science and both of them missed Hindi.
So there are exactly 3 students Esha, Carl and one among Alva and Deep who missed exactly one subject.
Correct Answer: 3

Q.6 From the information given in point I, II and III , we can say 4 students appeared in each of English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science examinations. Or we can say there were exactly two students who missed each of four subjects English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science.
Now from the table given, it is clear that either Deep or Alva should have missed the Hindi and Science examination as they are the only students to have same marks in both subjects.
Also Alva , Bithi , Deep, Esha and Foni can’t miss mathematics, So only Carl missed Mathematics exam.
From Table we can say –
Foni’s marks we can say Foni was absent in English and Social Science.
Esha must have missed English Examination.
Baithi Should have missed Science and Social Science.

Now we can make the following table about the students who missed a particular subjects .
Student English Hindi  Mathematics Science Social Science
Alva 80 75 70 75 60
Baithi 90 80 55 Missed Missed
Carl 75 80 Missed 100 90
Deep 70 90 100 90 80
Esha Missed 85 95 60 55
Foni Missed 72 78 88 Missed

Now As there were two students who missed Hindi and science . Baithi has already missed Science so one among Deep and Alva must missed Science and both of them missed Hindi.
So except Alva and Deep we can easily tell which student missed which exam. So the correct answer will be 4.

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