Verbal Ability – Summary – Language is an autapomorphy found only in our lineage

Slot – 2 – VA

Language is an autapomorphy found only in our lineage – Video Solution

Q. The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

Language is an autapomorphy found only in our lineage, and not shared with other branches of our group such as primates. We also have no definitive evidence that any species other than Homo sapiens ever had language. However, it must be noted straightaway that ‘language’ is not a monolithic entity, but rather a complex bundle of traits that must have evolved over a significant time frame…. Moreover, language crucially draws on aspects of cognition that are long established in the primate lineage, such as memory: the language faculty as a whole comprises more than just the uniquely linguistic features.

  1. Language is not a single, uniform entity but the end result of a long and complex process of linguistic evolution.
  2. Language is a distinctively human feature as there is no evidence of the existence of language in any other species.
  3. Language evolved with linguistic features building on features of cognition such as memory.
  4. Language, a derived trait found only in humans, has evolved over time and involves memory.
Answer: 3

Online Coaching Course for CAT 2020

a) 900+ Videos covering entire CAT syllabus
b) 2 Live Classes (online) every week for doubt clarification
c) Study Material & PDFs for practice and understanding
d) 10 Mock Tests in the latest pattern
e) Previous Year Questions solved on video