Verbal Ability – Summary – Artificial embryo twinning is a relatively

Verbal Ability – Summary

The passage given below is followed by four summaries. Choose the option that best captures the author’s position.

Artificial embryo twinning is a relatively low-tech way to make clones. As the name suggests, this technique mimics the natural process that creates identical twins. In nature, twins form very early in development when the embryo splits in two. Twinning happens in the first days after egg and sperm join, while the embryo is made of just a small number of unspecialized cells. Each half of the embryo continues dividing on its own, ultimately developing into separate, complete individuals. Since they developed from the same fertilized egg, the resulting individuals are genetically identical.

  1. Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech and is close to the natural development of twins where the embryo splits into two identical twins.
  2. Artificial embryo twinning is just like the natural development of twins, where during fertilization twins are formed.
  3. Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech unlike the natural development of identical twins from the embryo after fertilization.
  4. Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech and mimetic of the natural development of genetically identical twins from the embryo after fertilization.

Answer:

Option(4)

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Verbal Ability – Odd One Out – Translators are like bumblebees

Verbal Ability – Odd One Out – Translators are like bumblebees

Verbal Ability – Odd One Out

Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.

  1. Translators are like bumblebees.
  2. Though long since scientifically disproved, this factoid is still routinely trotted out.
  3. Similar pronouncements about the impossibility of translation have dogged practitioners since Leonardo Bruni’s De interpretatione recta, published in 1424.
  4. Bees, unaware of these deliberations, have continued to flit from flower to flower, and translators continue to translate.
  5. In 1934, the French entomologist August Magnan pronounced the flight of the bumblebee to be aerodynamically impossible

Answer:

Option(2)

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Verbal Ability – Summary – Production and legitimation of scientific

Verbal Ability – Summary

The passage given below is followed by four summaries. Choose the option that best captures the author’s position.

Production and legitimation of scientific knowledge can be approached from a number of perspectives. To study knowledge production from the sociology of professions perspective would mean a focus on the institutionalization of a body of knowledge. The professions-approach informed earlier research on managerial occupation, business schools and management knowledge. It however tends to reify institutional power structures in its understanding of the links between knowledge and authority. Knowledge production is restricted in the perspective to the selected members of the professional community, most notably to the university faculties and professional colleges. Power is understood as a negative mechanism, which prevents the non-professional actors from offering their ideas and information as legitimate knowledge.

  1. The professions-approach has been one of the most relied upon perspective in the study of management knowledge production.
  2. Professions-approach focuses on the creation of institutions of higher education and disciplines to promote knowledge production
  3. The study of knowledge production can be done through many perspectives.
  4. Professions-approach aims at the institutionalization of knowledge but restricts knowledge production as a function of a select few.

Answer:

Option(4)

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Verbal Ability – Odd One Out – In many cases time inconsistency

Verbal Ability – Odd One Out – In many cases time inconsistency

Verbal Ability – Odd One Out

Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out.

  1. In many cases time inconsistency is what prevents our going from intention to action.
  2. For people to continuously postpone getting their children immunized, they would need to be constantly fooled by themselves.
  3. In the specific case of immunization, however, it is hard to believe that time inconsistency by itself would be sufficient to make people permanently postpone the decision if they were fully cognizant of its benefits.
  4. In most cases, even a small cost of immunization was large enough to discourage most people.
  5. Not only do they have to think that they prefer to spend time going to the camp next month rather than today, they also have to believe that they will indeed go next month.

Answer:

Option(4)

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Verbal Ability – Odd One Out – Displacement in Bengal is thus not

Verbal Ability – Odd One Out – Displacement in Bengal is thus not

Verbal Ability – Odd One Out

Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out.

  1. Displacement in Bengal is thus not very significant in view of its magnitude.
  2. A factor of displacement in Bengal is the shifting course of the Ganges leading to erosion of river banks.
  3. The nature of displacement in Bengal makes it an interesting case study.
  4. Since displacement due to erosion is well spread over a long period of time, it remains invisible.
  5. Rapid displacement would have helped sensitize the public to its human costs.

Answer: 

Option(5)

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Verbal Ability – Parajumble – The woodland’s canopy receives

Verbal Ability – Parajumble

The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, and 4) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentences and key in this sequence of four numbers as your answer.

  1. The woodland’s canopy receives most of the sunlight that falls on the trees.
  2. Swifts do not confine themselves to woodlands, but hunt wherever there are insects in the air.
  3. With their streamlined bodies, swifts are agile flyers, ideally adapted to twisting and turning through the air as they chase flying insects – the creatures that form their staple diet.
  4. Hundreds of thousands of insects fly in the sunshine up above the canopy, some falling prey to swifts and swallows

    Answer:

1432

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Verbal Ability – Parajumble – But now we have another group

Verbal Ability – Parajumble

The four sentences (labelled 1,2,3,4) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a number. Decide on the proper sequence of order of the sentences and key in this sequence of four numbers as your answer:

  1. But now we have another group: the unwitting enablers.
  2. Democracy and high levels of inequality of the kind that have come to characterize the United States are simply incompatible.
  3. Believing these people are working for a better world, they are, actually, at most, chipping away at the margins, making slight course corrections, ensuring the system goes on as it is, uninterrupted.
  4. Very rich people will always use money to maintain their political and economic power.

    Answer:

2413

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Verbal Ability – Parajumble – Impartiality and objectivity

Verbal Ability – Parajumble

The four sentences (labelled 1,2,3,4) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a number. Decide on the proper sequence of order of the sentences and key in this sequence of four numbers as your answer:

  1. Impartiality and objectivity are fiendishly difficult concepts that can cause all sorts of injustices even if transparently implemented.
  2. It encourages us into bubbles of people we know and like, while blinding us to different perspectives, but the deeper problem of ‘transparency’ lies in the words “…and much more”.
  3. Twitter’s website says that “tweets you are likely to care about most will show up first in your timeline…based on accounts you interact with most, tweets you engage with, and much more.”
  4. We are only told some of the basic principles, and we can’t see the algorithm itself, making it hard for citizens to analyse the system sensibly or fairly or be convinced of its impartiality and objectivity.

    Answer:

1324

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Verbal Ability – Parajumble – The eventual diagnosis was skin

Verbal Ability – Parajumble

The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, and 4) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentences and key in this sequence of four numbers as your answer.

  1. The eventual diagnosis was skin cancer and after treatment all seemed well.
  2. The viola player didn’t know what it was; nor did her GP.
  3. Then a routine scan showed it had come back and spread to her lungs.
  4. It started with a lump on Cathy Perkins’ index finger.

    Answer:

4213

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Verbal Ability – Summary – The conceptualization of landscape

Verbal Ability – Summary

The conceptualization of landscape as a geometric object first occurred in Europe and is historically related to the European conceptualization of the organism, particularly the human body, as a geometric object with parts having a rational, three-dimensional organization and integration. The European idea of landscape appeared before the science of landscape emerged, and it is no coincidence that Renaissance artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, who studied the structure of the human body, also facilitated an understanding of the structure of landscape. Landscape which had been a subordinate background to religious or historical narratives, became an independent genre or subject of art by the end of sixteenth century or the beginning of the seventeenth century.

  1. The Renaissance artists were responsible for the study of landscape as a subject of art.
  2. Landscape became a major subject of art at the turn of the sixteenth century.
  3. The three-dimensional understanding of the organism in Europe led to a similar approach towards the understanding of landscape.
  4. The study of landscape as an independent genre was aided by the Renaissance artists.

Answer:

Option(4)

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