Reading Comprehension – Passage
The passage below is accompanied by a set of three questions. Choose the best answer to each question.
Do sports mega events like the summer Olympic Games benefit the host city economically? It depends, but the prospects are less than rosy. The trick is converting…several billion dollars in operating costs during the 17-day fiesta of the Games into a basis for long-term economic returns. These days, the summer Olympic Games themselves generate total revenue of $4 billion to $5 billion, but the lion’s share of this goes to the International
Olympics Committee, the National Olympics Committees and the International Sports Federations. Any economic benefit would have to flow from the value of the Games as an advertisement for the city, the new transportation and communications infrastructure that was created for the Games, or the ongoing use of the new facilities.
Evidence suggests that the advertising effect is far from certain. The infrastructure benefit depends on the initial condition of the city and the effectiveness of the planning. The facilities benefit is dubious at best for buildings such as velodromes or natatoriums and problematic for 100,000-seat Olympic stadiums. The latter require a conversion plan for future use, the former are usually doomed to near vacancy. Hosting the summer Games generally requires 30-plus sports venues and dozens of training centers. Today, the Bird’s Nest in Beijing sits virtually empty, while the Olympic Stadium in Sydney costs some $30 million a year to operate.
Part of the problem is that Olympics planning takes place in a frenzied and time-pressured atmosphere of intense competition with the other prospective host cities — not optimal conditions for contemplating the future shape of an urban landscape. Another part of the problem is that urban land is generally scarce and growing scarcer. The new facilities often stand for decades or longer. Even if they have future use, are they the best use of precious urban real estate?
Further, cities must consider the human cost. Residential areas often are razed and citizens relocated (without adequate preparation or compensation). Life is made more hectic and congested. There are, after all, other productive uses that can be made of vanishing fiscal resources.
Q1) The central point in the first paragraph is that the economic benefits of the Olympic Games
A) are shared equally among the three organising committees
B) accrue mostly through revenue from advertisements and ticket sales
C) accrue to host cities, if at all, only in the long term
D) are usually eroded by expenditure incurred by the host city
Q2) Sports facilities built for the Olympics are not fully utilised after the Games are over because
A) their scale and the costs of operating them are large
B) their location away from the city centre usually limits easy access.
C) the authorities do not adapt them to local conditions.
D) they become outdated having being built with little planning and under time pressure
Q3) The author feels that the Games place a burden on the host city for all of the following reasons EXCEPT that
A) they divert scarce urban land from more productive uses
B) they involve the demolition of residential structures to accommodate sports facilities and infrastructure
C) the finances used to fund the Games could be better used for other purposes.
D) the influx of visitors during the Games places a huge strain on the urban infrastructure.
Q1: Option (C)
Q2: Option (A)
Q3: Option (D)
As we can get from CAT 2017 – Reading Comprehension – Passage, a lion’s amount of revenue goes to the three committees, only advertisements generate some revenue for the host city which are dubious. So, if at all there is a benefit, it will only be in the long term.
Option (C) is the right answer.
From paragraph 2 of CAT 2017 – Reading Comprehension – Passage, we can see that maintaining these huge stadiums takes up a lot of investment. Stadium is Beijing (Bird’s Nest) is empty and Olympic stadium in Sydney costs $30 mn a year to operate.
Option (A) is the correct answer.
From paragraphs 3 and 4 of CAT 2017 – Reading Comprehension – Passage, we can see that the land is scarce, citizens have to be relocated and the already vanishing fiscal resources could be put to better use.
Option D is not mentioned as a problem. It is the right answer.
CAT 2017 Questions from Reading Comprehension
Reading Comprehension – Set 1: Despite their fierce reputation. Vikings may not have always been the plunderers and pillagers popular culture imagines them to be.
Reading Comprehension – Set 2: Typewriters are the epitome of a technology that has been comprehensively rendered obsolete by the digital age.
Reading Comprehension – Set 3: The end of the age of the internal combustion engine is in sight. There are small signs everywhere: the shift to hybrid vehicles is already under way among manufacturers.
Reading Comprehension – Set 4: During the frigid season…it’s often necessary to nestle under a blanket to try to stay warm.
Reading Comprehension – Set 5: Creativity is at once our most precious resource and our most inexhaustible one.
Reading Comprehension – Set 6: Scientists have long recognized the incredible diversity within a species.
Reading Comprehension – Set 7: This year alone, more than 8,600 stores could close, according to industry estimates, many of them the brand -name anchor outlets that real estate developers once stumbled over themselves to court.
Reading Comprehension – Set 8: I used a smartphone GPS to find my way through the cobblestoned maze of Geneva’s Old Town, in search of a handmade machine that changed the world more than any other invention.
Reading Comprehension – Set 9: Understanding where you are in the world is a basic survival skill, which is why we, like most species come hard-wired with specialized brain areas to create congnitive maps of our surroundings.
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