October 10th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

Nike caused controversy with its advertising campaign during the 1996 Olympics by using the slogan, "You Don't Win Silver — You Lose Gold." Nike's use of this slogan drew harsh criticism from many former Olympic Silver medallists. In a way, it did undermine the importance of the second position but in Math things are often very different. Figuring out the second last digit is often tougher than figuring out the last digit. It is unlikely but definitely not impossible that in CAT you get a straightforward question that asks you to find out the second last digit of a number (abcpqr). In fe

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Posted in Bank PO, CAT, MBA, Quant Funda

September 21st, 2020 by Ravi Handa

let me first list down the topics that I am going to cover in this particular blogpost:
Number of factors of a given number
Number of even factors or odd factors of a given number
Sum of all factors of a given number
Sum of all even factors or odd factors of a given number
We know that a number N can be written as a product of its factors as given below
N = ap x bq x cr …
Here a,b,c… are prime factors of N
& p,q,r … are the powers of the prime factors of N.
In such a case the number of factors of N are given by the formula
&

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

September 20th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

Escalators has now become a topic from which questions are asked quite frequently in CAT. Today, we are going to see the theory behind escalator questions and solve them through both equations and ratios. Once you are through with the concept and are able to solve the questions in this article, you can solve any question from this topic
Escalator questions are very similar to the upstream and downstream questions. In a stream, the direction of flow of water is constant whereas, the escalators move in both directions. Escalator questions can be confusing as sometimes, questions might not

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Posted in CAT, Quant Funda

September 19th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

The concept of ‘divide and conquer’, derived from the Latin phrase ‘Divide et impera’, was put into use effectively by everyone from Caesar to Napoleon to The British in India. Even Gaddafi tried using the same but as current events show us – he wasn’t very effective. Dividing rather divisibility rules to be specific can come in really handy at times in solving problems based on Number Systems.
The standard rules which nearly all of us are very comfortable with are the ones for 2n and 5n. For these all that one needs to do is look at the last ‘n’ digits of the number. If

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

August 28th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

Quantitative Aptitude is an important part of the CAT Exam. As a matter of fact, it will not be wrong to say that it is the most important part of the CAT exam because the most amount of time is spent on preparation of the Quantitative section. Should it be that way? – Perhaps the answer is yes for a few students but the actual number of CAT aspirants who make Quant their top priority is much larger than it needs to be a reason. And do you know the reasons behind that?
First and foremost, it is the inherent fear of Math. We are often afraid of what we do not understand fully and Quant

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Posted in CAT, Quant Funda

July 27th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

In the previous post we discussed lines, triangles, parallelograms, trapeziums, polygons etc. Now, we will discuss other expanses of geometry which are vital as, the questions on these topics are asked repeatedly in CAT. Let us look at few of the fundas / formulae on these topics that are often neglected by students and can fetch some crucial marks in the exam.
Funda 1: Angle made by Secants
2 .
In both these cases, PA * PB = PC * PD
Funda 2: Common Tangents
eg:
Note: The two centers

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Posted in Bank PO, CAT, MBA, Quant Funda

July 26th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

I got a lot of feedback via emails and texts that people are looking for a post on geometry. I have been avoiding it for sometime because of two main reasons:
a) It is not one of my strong areas.
b) It takes a lot of time to draw the diagrams that are sometimes required to explain the fundas.
The questions on geometry are the trickiest and consumes the maximum amount of time as compared to the questions on other topics in Quantitative aptitude that is why, I have compiled a list of fundas that you might find helpful in solving CAT level questions. I am splittin

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

July 13th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

Cyclicity of Remainders
In this post I would like to discuss some of the really fundamental ideas that can be used to solve questions based on remainders. If you have just started your preparation for CAT Exam, you might find this article helpful.
First of all,
What I am trying to say above is that if you divide a^n by d, the remainder can be any value from 0 to d-1.
Not only that, if you keep on increasing the value of ‘n’, you would notice that the remainders are cyclical in nature. What I am trying to say is that the pattern of remainders would repeat. Let me try to

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Posted in Bank PO, CAT, MBA, Quant Funda

June 26th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

Quadratic Equations are first taught to us in 6th or 7th class and most of us are able to score good marks in it because we are able to solve 90% of the questions by just using that formula. And that formula is:
The above formula gives us the roots of the quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0
For this post, I am assuming that you are aware of the basics of quadratic equations and know how to use the above mentioned formula. In case you are not, spending five minutes on the wiki page of Quadratic Equations won’t hurt. Wikipedia can be daunting at times, so come back here as soon a

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

June 22nd, 2020 by Ravi Handa

Figuring out the last digit is the same as figuring out the remainder of a number when divided by 10, but I guess you already know that. Figuring out the last two digits is the same as figuring out the remainder of a number when divided by 100. However, if you wish to figure the remainder when the divisor is not 10 or 100, I suggest you read on.
Funda 1 of Remainders:
Basic idea of remainders can be used to solve complicated problems.
There is nothing special or unique about this idea. At first glance it seems like something really obvious. But it is it

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT