March 16th, 2021 by Ravi Handa

Figuring out the last digit is the same as figuring out the remainder of a number when divided by 10, but I guess you already know that. Figuring out the last two digits is the same as figuring out the remainder of a number when divided by 100. However, if you wish to figure the remainder when the divisor is not 10 or 100, I suggest you read on.
Funda 1 of Remainders:Â
Basic idea of remainders can be used to solve complicated problems.
There is nothing special or unique about this idea. At first glance it seems like something really obvious. But it is it

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

March 9th, 2021 by Ravi Handa

Quadratic Equations are first taught to us in 6th or 7th class and most of us are able to score good marks in it because we are able to solve 90% of the questions by just using that formula. And that formula is:
The above formula gives us the roots of the quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0
For this post, I am assuming that you are aware of the basics of quadratic equations and know how to use the above mentioned formula. In case you are not, spending five minutes on the wiki page of Quadratic Equations wonâ€™t hurt. Wikipedia can be daunting at times, so come back here as soon a

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

March 8th, 2021 by Ravi Handa

In the recent CAT papers, we have seen questions in Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation section based on the concepts from Quantitative Ability. These questions can also be solved with simple logic but if solved with the Quantitative Ability concepts then solving becomes more convenient. Topics such as Mixture-Allegation, Percentages, Linear equations, numbers etc. are used to frame questions. In this post, we will look at some of the Quantitative Ability based applications in this section of CAT. We will not discuss the Quantitative Ability concepts in this post, rather we will impl

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Posted in CAT, IIFT, LR DI Funda, MBA, SNAP, XAT

March 6th, 2021 by Ravi Handa

Questions on clocks (or even calendars) are not really frequent in CAT these days. They used to be really popular few years ago. Having said that, it is always better to understand some of the basic principles and the types of problems that get asked. They might come in handy in case of other exams like CMAT, MAT, SNAP, etc.
Clock problems can be broadly classified in two categories:
a)Â Â Â Â Â Problems on angles
b)Â Â Â Â Â Problems on incorrect clocks
Problems on angles
Before we actually start solving problems on angles, we need to get couple of basic facts clear:
Sp

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

March 4th, 2021 by Ravi Handa

The questions on Mixtures and Alligations are asked repeatedly in CAT and keeping the past year trends in mind, one or two questions are asked every year. We have seen the concept used in some of the Data Interpretation questions as well, so this cannot be overlooked.Â Let us begin with the subject matter on this topic.
When we have to find the average of a given set of values, we just add those values and divide by the number of values in consideration.Â But what do we do when we have to find the average of 2 given sets of values, each containing different number of elements? We use

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Posted in CAT, IIFT, MBA, SNAP, XAT

March 1st, 2021 by Ravi Handa

Data Interpretation questions typically have large amount of data given in the form of tables, pie charts, line graphs or some non-conventional format. The questions are calculation heavy and typically test your approximation abilities. A very large number of these questions check your ability to compare or calculate fractions and percentages. If you sit down to actually calculate the answer, you would end up spending more time than required and most of us can't afford to lose precious time during competitive exams like CAT, XAT, IIFT etc.Â Here are few ideas that you can use for approxim

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, LR DI Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

February 22nd, 2021 by Ravi Handa

We all know what factorials (n!) are. They look friendly and helpful but looks can be deceiving, as many quant problems have taught us. Probably it is because that Factorials are simple looking creatures, most students prefer attempting questions based on them rather than on Permutation & Combination or Probability. I will cover P&C and Probability at a later date but in todayâ€™s post I would like to discuss some fundas related to factorials, which as a matter of fact form the basis of a large number of P&C and Probability problems.
Some of the factorials that mig

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

February 20th, 2021 by Ravi Handa

In this post, we will learn how to solve Logical Reasoning Problems based on coins and matchsticks picking puzzles. To understand how exactly these kinds of puzzles look like, letâ€™s start the post with a very simple example. The method to solve the example will give better insight so as to how to approach these puzzles.
Two smart players A and B are playing a coin game in which they can pick up 1, 2, 3 or 4 coins. They have 78 coins and the player who picks the last coin will lose the game. A and B play alternately and A plays the first move. How many coins should A pick at first so h

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Posted in Bank PO, CAT, IBPS, IIFT, MBA, SBI, SNAP, XAT

February 8th, 2021 by Vocab Guru

In the series on confusing words (Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3) we looked at words that sound similar or look similar but mean different things. There is another class of words you should be careful about - these are words that are often used interchangeably (and wrongly at that, I must add). This generally leads to bad writing than bad comprehension when used.
You do not need to look far away for instances of not knowing the difference between these similar sounding words. Just ask any MBA aspirant whether have any preferences for specialization and a lot of them say â€˜Marketingâ€™. Just fol

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Posted in CAT, IIFT, MBA, SNAP, XAT

February 5th, 2021 by Ravi Handa

There was a time when a job was something one would get in for life. Even if one would change jobs a few times, the target would be to remain loyal to one firm for as long as possible. Even the changes would be within the sector. Then we witnessed the period when options increased, so it was easier for people to move jobs. Now, we have moved on to yet another stage of employment trends, where people continue to remain loyal to companies, but not just to one at a time. The entire ecosystem is known as the Gig Economy.
The term gig economy originates from rock bands and their guitarists,

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Posted in CAT, IIFT, MBA, SNAP, XAT