April 22nd, 2019 by Ravi Handa

I guess my first fascination with problems of Time, Speed and Distance began when I first saw Henna. An important part of the story line if you can call it that, saw Rishi Kapoor floating from India to Pakistan without drowning. I remember arguing with my friends that if could float for that long – he could swim back to India as well. My friends nullified the argument by saying: Speed River > Speed Rishi Kapoor I know that the reference is a little dated for most readers of this post, but Zeba Bhaktiyar made me look beyond reason. In this post we will discuss some of the ideas that

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Posted in Bank PO, CAT, LR DI Funda, MBA

April 15th, 2019 by Ravi Handa

Figuring out the last digit is the same as figuring out the remainder of a number when divided by 10, but I guess you already know that. Figuring out the last two digits is the same as figuring out the remainder of a number when divided by 100. However, if you wish to figure the remainder when the divisor is not 10 or 100, I suggest you read on.
Funda 1 of Remainders:
Basic idea of remainders can be used to solve complicated problems.
There is nothing special or unique about this idea. At first glance it seems like something really obvious. But it is it

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

April 12th, 2019 by Ravi Handa

Sequential output is basically output of a machine which is working on a fixed sequence. We start with an input and following a fixed pattern or sequence machine gives us the final output. In these type of questions, we observe that input output process in different steps and try to find out the pattern and sequence on which the machine is working.
Importance from exam point of view – These questions looks dangerous but actually these are scoring questions in exams, it doesn’t take much time in solving.
Pattern of questions- In all type of questions, there is a sequence given but somet

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Posted in CAT, MBA

April 11th, 2019 by Ravi Handa

The questions on Mixtures and Alligations are asked repeatedly in CAT and keeping the past year trends in mind, one or two questions are asked every year. We have seen the concept used in some of the Data Interpretation questions as well, so this cannot be overlooked. Let us begin with the subject matter on this topic.
When we have to find the average of a given set of values, we just add those values and divide by the number of values in consideration. But what do we do when we have to find the average of 2 given sets of values, each containing different number of elements? We use

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Posted in CAT, IIFT, MBA, SNAP, XAT

April 10th, 2019 by Ravi Handa

The concepts of Set Theory are applicable not only in Quant / DI / LR but they can be used to solve syllogism questions as well. Let us first understand the basics of the Venn Diagram before we move on to the concept of maximum and minimum. A large number of students get confused in this so I have listed out each area separately.
A venn diagram is used to visually represent the relationship between various sets.
What do each of the areas in the figure represent?
I – only A;
II – A and B but not C;
III – Only B;
IV – A and C but not B;
V – A and B and

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Posted in Bank PO, CAT, LR DI Funda, MBA

April 9th, 2019 by Ravi Handa

Quadratic Equations are first taught to us in 6th or 7th class and most of us are able to score good marks in it because we are able to solve 90% of the questions by just using that formula. And that formula is:
The above formula gives us the roots of the quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0
For this post, I am assuming that you are aware of the basics of quadratic equations and know how to use the above mentioned formula. In case you are not, spending five minutes on the wiki page of Quadratic Equations won’t hurt. Wikipedia can be daunting at times, so come back here as soon a

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

April 8th, 2019 by Ravi Handa

During discussion of a current affair issue with a friend, I found the below couple of excerpts that instigated to think what I understood from the complete issue and how it can be fit on logical ground from the selection itself are though similar but cannot be handled in the same way. It is applicable for all types of reading. And when logic comes into the picture then with it, it brings premise, conclusion, assumption and argument as a whole.
Example-1
“US and Pakistan continue to partner on a range of national security issues. President Donald Trump’s administration appears re

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Posted in CAT, IIFT, MBA, SNAP, XAT, XAT Funda

April 3rd, 2019 by Ravi Handa

In this Number of trailing Zeros blog post, We would like to cover these two ideas:
Number of trailing zeroes in a Product or Expression
Number of trailing zeroes in a factorial (n!)
But before I begin, let us first try to understand what exactly are ‘trailing zeroes’. It is nothing else but the number of zeroes at the end. I do not want to sound pedantic but on many occasions when you see a question which asks about, “What is the number of zeroes in ___” it is incorrect, because it should actually say – “What is the number of trailing zeroes?” or “What is the

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

April 1st, 2019 by Ravi Handa

Critical thinking holds a significant place in verbal ability section of CAT. Around 3-5 questions are based on the critical reasoning in CAT. Critical thinking involves the process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing and evaluating information to reach an answer or conclusion. Critical thinking is not hard thinking nor it is directed at solving problems. Critical thinking is inward-directed with the intent of maximizing the rationality of the thinker. Questions based on critical reasoning are the paragraph format followed with the series of questi

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Posted in CAT, MBA

March 31st, 2019 by Vocab Guru

In the series on confusing words (Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3) we looked at words that sound similar or look similar but mean different things. There is another class of words you should be careful about - these are words that are often used interchangeably (and wrongly at that, I must add). This generally leads to bad writing than bad comprehension when used.
You do not need to look far away for instances of not knowing the difference between these similar sounding words. Just ask any MBA aspirant whether have any preferences for specialization and a lot of them say ‘Marketing’. Just fol

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Posted in CAT, IIFT, MBA, SNAP, XAT