Application of Quantitative Ability Concepts in Logical Reasoning Puzzles and Data Interpretation Sets

March 8th, 2021 by

In the recent CAT papers, we have seen questions in Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation section based on the concepts from Quantitative Ability. These questions can also be solved with simple logic but if solved with the Quantitative Ability concepts then solving becomes more convenient. Topics such as Mixture-Allegation, Percentages, Linear equations, numbers etc. are used to frame questions. In this post, we will look at some of the Quantitative Ability based applications in this section of CAT. We will not discuss the Quantitative Ability concepts in this post, rather we will impl

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Logical Reasoning Basics – How to solve coin picking / matchstick related problems?

February 20th, 2021 by

In this post, we will learn how to solve Logical Reasoning Problems based on coins and matchsticks picking puzzles. To understand how exactly these kinds of puzzles look like, let’s start the post with a very simple example. The method to solve the example will give better insight so as to how to approach these puzzles. Two smart players A and B are playing a coin game in which they can pick up 1, 2, 3 or 4 coins. They have 78 coins and the player who picks the last coin will lose the game. A and B play alternately and A plays the first move. How many coins should A pick at first so h

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How to use Analytical Reasoning to score more in XAT Decision Making

December 21st, 2020 by

An Analytical Guide to  XAT Decision Making Process Decision making is an integral part of management. It is a cognitive process of selection of a belief or course of action among several possibilities. You have to act rationally while decision making and foresee the outcomes of all the options available and its alternatives. And as aspiring future business managers, time and again you have to face situations where you have to take major decisions by carefully examining the problem and considering all the pros and cons, the long-term and short-term impacts of your decision. And that’s w

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Logical Reasoning – The Hi-Lo game is a four-player game played

December 15th, 2020 by

Logical Reasoning – The Hi-Lo game is a four-player game played The Hi-Lo game is a four-player game played in six rounds. In every round, each player chooses to bid Hi or Lo. The bids are made simultaneously. If all four bid Hi, then all four lose 1 point each. If three players bid Hi and one bids Lo, then the players bidding Hi gain 1 point each and the player bidding Lo loses 3 points. If two players bid Hi and two bid Lo, then the players bidding Hi gain 2 points each and the players bidding Lo lose 2 points each. If one player bids Hi

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Logical Reasoning – A survey of 600 schools in India was conducted

December 15th, 2020 by

Logical Reasoning – A survey of 600 schools in India was conducted A survey of 600 schools in India was conducted to gather information about their online teaching learning processes (OTLP). The following four facilities were studied. F1: Own software for OTLP F2: Trained teachers for OTLP F3: Training materials for OTLP F4: All students having Laptops The following observations were summarized from the survey. 1. 80 schools did not have any of the four facilities – F1, F2, F3, F4. 2. 40 schools had all four facilities. 3. The number

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Logical Reasoning – A shopping mall has a large basement parking

December 14th, 2020 by

Logical Reasoning – A shopping mall has a large basement parking A shopping mall has a large basement parking lot with parking slots painted in it along a single row. These slots are quite narrow; a compact car can fit in a single slot but an SUV requires two slots. When a car arrives, the parking attendant guides the car to the first available slot from the beginning of the row into which the car can fit. For our purpose, cars are numbered according to the order in which they arrive at the lot. For example, the first car to arrive is given

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Logical Reasoning – Twenty five coloured beads are to be arranged

December 14th, 2020 by

Logical Reasoning – Twenty five coloured beads are to be arranged Twenty five coloured beads are to be arranged in a grid comprising of five rows and five columns. Each cell in the grid must contain exactly one bead. Each bead is coloured either Red, Blue or Green. While arranging the beads along any of the five rows or along any of the five columns, the rules given below are to be followed: 1. Two adjacent beads along the same row or column are always of different colours. 2. There is at least one Green bead between any two Blue beads alo

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Logical Reasoning – The Humanities department of a college is planning to organize

December 14th, 2020 by

Logical Reasoning – The Humanities department of a college is planning to organize The Humanities department of a college is planning to organize eight seminars, one for each of the eight doctoral students - A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H. Four of them are from Economics, three from Sociology and one from Anthropology department. Each student is guided by one among P, Q, R, S and T. Two students are guided by each of P, R and T, while one student is guided by each of Q and S. Each student is guided by a guide belonging to their department. Each

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XAT Critical Reasoning – How to solve CR Questions?

December 14th, 2020 by

Critical Reasoning questions have been a regular feature of the XAT Verbal and Logical Ability section. These are quintessential critical reasoning questions in which an argument is given followed by questions that ask test-takers to choose the correct assumption/ true statement/ strengthening/ weakening/ plausible explanation statement from the 5 answer options given. Structure of a Critical Reasoning Question Every critical reasoning question is in the form of an argument and every argument will have a premise and a conclusion. A premise is a statement of fact or evidence, stated in the

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Logical Reasoning – Ten musicians (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I and J) are experts

December 13th, 2020 by

Logical Reasoning – Ten musicians (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I and J) are experts Slot - 1 - LR - Ten musicians Ten musicians (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I and J) are experts in at least one of the following three percussion instruments: tabla, mridangam, and ghatam. Among them, three are experts in tabla but not in mridangam or ghatam, another three are experts in mridangam but not in tabla or ghatam, and one is an expert in ghatam but not in tabla or mridangam. Further, two are experts in tabla and mridangam but not in ghatam, and one is an exp

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