September 20th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

Escalators has now become a topic from which questions are asked quite frequently in CAT. Today, we are going to see the theory behind escalator questions and solve them through both equations and ratios. Once you are through with the concept and are able to solve the questions in this article, you can solve any question from this topic
Escalator questions are very similar to the upstream and downstream questions. In a stream, the direction of flow of water is constant whereas, the escalators move in both directions. Escalator questions can be confusing as sometimes, questions might not

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Posted in CAT, Quant Funda

September 19th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

The concept of ‘divide and conquer’, derived from the Latin phrase ‘Divide et impera’, was put into use effectively by everyone from Caesar to Napoleon to The British in India. Even Gaddafi tried using the same but as current events show us – he wasn’t very effective. Dividing rather divisibility rules to be specific can come in really handy at times in solving problems based on Number Systems.
The standard rules which nearly all of us are very comfortable with are the ones for 2n and 5n. For these all that one needs to do is look at the last ‘n’ digits of the number. If

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

August 28th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

Quantitative Aptitude is an important part of the CAT Exam. As a matter of fact, it will not be wrong to say that it is the most important part of the CAT exam because the most amount of time is spent on preparation of the Quantitative section. Should it be that way? – Perhaps the answer is yes for a few students but the actual number of CAT aspirants who make Quant their top priority is much larger than it needs to be a reason. And do you know the reasons behind that?
First and foremost, it is the inherent fear of Math. We are often afraid of what we do not understand fully and Quant

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Posted in CAT, Quant Funda

August 25th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

While most students are comfortable with the concept of HCF (Highest Common Factor) and LCM (Lowest Common Multiple), they somehow fail to apply it when required. Sometimes, they do not even realise that it needs to be applied. I sometimes feel sad when students ask me, “Sir, when to apply HCF and when to apply LCM?”. This question is a symbol of everything that is wrong with rote learning. HCF and LCM are concepts that students start learning as early as the 5th class in school (may be even earlier in some cases). The problem occurs because a few of them forget how the concepts need t

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Posted in Bank PO, CAT

August 22nd, 2020 by Ravi Handa

Quantitative Aptitude is an important part of the CAT exam. If you look at the pattern of the paper for the last few years, it has had a weightage of roughly 1/3rd since CAT went online in 2008. From 2015, Quant has had 34 questions out of 100. The same pattern is expected to continue in 2020 as well.
Broadly speaking, Quantitative Aptitude can be further divided into 5 sub sections:
Arithmetic
Algebra
Geometry
Number System
Modern Maths
While the exact number of questions in these topics changes every year there are some broad patterns that can be noticed. We lo

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Posted in CAT, MBA

July 27th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

In the previous post we discussed lines, triangles, parallelograms, trapeziums, polygons etc. Now, we will discuss other expanses of geometry which are vital as, the questions on these topics are asked repeatedly in CAT. Let us look at few of the fundas / formulae on these topics that are often neglected by students and can fetch some crucial marks in the exam.
Funda 1: Angle made by Secants
2 .
In both these cases, PA * PB = PC * PD
Funda 2: Common Tangents
eg:
Note: The two centers

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Posted in Bank PO, CAT, MBA, Quant Funda

July 26th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

I got a lot of feedback via emails and texts that people are looking for a post on geometry. I have been avoiding it for sometime because of two main reasons:
a) It is not one of my strong areas.
b) It takes a lot of time to draw the diagrams that are sometimes required to explain the fundas.
The questions on geometry are the trickiest and consumes the maximum amount of time as compared to the questions on other topics in Quantitative aptitude that is why, I have compiled a list of fundas that you might find helpful in solving CAT level questions. I am splittin

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Posted in CAT, IBPS, IIFT, Quant Funda, SBI, SNAP, XAT

July 5th, 2020 by Ravi Handa

Questions on Logarithm have been asked in exams like CAT and XAT almost every year. More often than not, they are on the easier side but students get scared because they do not understand the concepts properly and hence are unable to attempt them under pressure. In this post, we will try to help CAT aspirants overcome that fear.
Let us start with some basics about logarithms.
Basic Concept of Logarithm
When ax = N , then we say that x = logarithm of N to the base a and write it as x = logaN . In simple words, it represents the power to which a number must be raised. Let me expand on

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Posted in CAT

June 22nd, 2020 by Ravi Handa

Quantitative Aptitude - Set Theory - 190 students have to choose at least one elective
XAT 2020 Exam Paper – Quantitative Aptitude – Set Theory - 190 students have to choose at least one elective
Instructions
Read the information given below and answer the 2 associated questions.
190 students have to choose at least one elective and at most two electives from a list of three electives: E1, E2 and E3. It is found that the number of students choosing E1 is half the number of students choosing E2, and one third the number of students choosin

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Posted in Uncategorized

June 22nd, 2020 by Ravi Handa

Quantitative Aptitude - Number System - Six drums are used to store water
XAT 2020 Exam Paper – Quantitative Aptitude – Number System - Six drums are used to store water
Q. Six drums are used to store water. Five drums are of equal capacity, while the sixth drum has double the capacity of each of these five drums. On one morning, three drums are found half full, two are found two-thirds full and one is found completely full. It is attempted to transfer all the water to the smaller drums. How many smaller drums are adequate to store the water?

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Posted in Uncategorized